Mini Guide: Growing cannabis seeds outdoors
The best time to start planting your marijuana seeds outdoors is drawing near: spring. Old-school growers say that you should always start germinating on the first full moon in March (this year it falls on Sunday the 12th).
And the main difference between indoor and outdoor cultivation is nature: it is the factor that gives us the limitations of whether we will be successful or not in our cultivation: temperature, humidity, altitude, area, ventilation… There are many aspects that do not depend on us but where we carry out the cultivation.
Outside, everything is subject to environmental factors and, therefore, subject to chance. But do not let panic take over. Growing cannabis is an art and you have to enjoy the process to get the best of the products. Let us begin…
Choose your range first: Indica or Sativa?
In choosing the species, although scientifically there is only one type (Sativa), we usually decide between indicas and sativas, which will change the method of cultivation, for example, indica plants will be much smaller than sativas, which continue to grow a lot during flowering and have a robustness in the bud that makes it easier for mushrooms to proliferate.
There is also a third choice, which is to take a hybrid of these, for example: with Rudelaris we can find different types of automatics, ideal for users of medicinal cannabis or, autoflowering seeds as they are known in the market. These plants will be smaller and have a smaller production but also you will be able to cut it very soon with which you will have a crop quite quickly and discreetly if the place where we put it is a balcony or a window.
Have you already decided? Begin germination
Germination takes place between March and April because it is intended that the plant has an optimal balance between daylight and night and also the plants do not “stress” with the cold. That said, if you think we are at the best time to start, begin to germinate as follows:
- Take a pair of tissues and moisten them
- Leave them on a flat plate
- Place the seeds between the tissues, leaving sufficient space between them
- Cover the plate with another plate to prevent light from entering
- Leave them in a warm place away from the light
- Watch that tissues do not lose moisture
- In a couple of weeks you will see your seeds open and you will see a few inches of root
- It’s time to plant…
Know the importance of a good substrate
It is important to choose a good substrate to facilitate growth in the flowering phase. It has to be a spongy soil that also facilitates drainage so that the plant can absorb the water that the hemp demands and that it is never excessively soaked to avoid the proliferation of pests.
Once the pot is ready, we must take the seeds from before. Then insert them carefully into a hole about 3 mm deep with the root below.
Within 2 to 3 days our plant will start to come out.
What care is needed in the first stage of growth?
This first stage will last between 4 and 6 weeks depending on the amount of sun the plant receives and it will be necessary to keep the soil fertile with liquid nutrients. You will realize that it needs nutrients when you see that the leaves are losing their intense green color but do not expect much. Once this stage passes we will be in the following: the flowering stage. Now, watch out for male plants!
You are thinking, how do I know if my plant is male or female? Normally you can know from week 6 of growth and you will distinguish if they are male because you will see a kind of round bags below. Inside these bags is where the pollen is and we should not let them open to ensure the crop doesn’t fail. Although it is true that male plants are not totally useless, in another post we will talk about their uses and benefits.
A clear example of a male plant would be this:
What do you need to keep in mind in the flowering stage?
In this stage we will use foods that benefit the flowering of our females, we will leave aside the nutrients of the previous phase and we will give way to the new specialized nutrients in this phase. These will cause the growth to be concentrated mainly in the buds.
When the flowering of the plant is advanced, it is time for harvesting.
How do you know when it’s time to harvest?
There are several ways to be able to guide ourselves. The first it to try consult the package of seeds since it mostly says so. The second is to try to use the visual factor since, in the majority, the pistils of the buds can acquire a brown color and, finally, a third version very similar to the second one happens to check the trichomes of the buds for which you would need a magnifying glass between 10 and 50 magnification to see if they have reached the optimum point of maturation, ie when they are totally mushroom shape and have passed from crystalline color to milky or amber color.
We always recommend relying on the experience of experimenting. There is nothing like using the rule of trial and error to get the best buds.
We now move to the drying of the buds
For optimum drying it is necessary to have a place where we can suspend the buds in the dark so that they do not receive direct light. A light air breeze will always be beneficial. Something very important to keep in mind to not fall into error. It is not to leave the buds aside somewhere closed. This will only facilitate the proliferation of mold.
That said, if you take into account all these tips that we have been giving you, you will arrive at the end of the harvest having an unbeatable quality of product. Why are you waiting to start getting your cannabis seeds?